Victoria, World War One Soldier Settlers contains the details of veterans of the First World War who applied for a land lease under the State of Victoria's Battle to Farm settlement scheme. The scheme allowed discharged soldiers to lease land to settle in an effort to provide work for the large number of traumatised men who needed to be reabsorbed into the population. Large rural plots were subdivided into smaller units for farming and were then leased to soldier settlers.

There are over 12,000 transcripts in this collection, each of which links to scanned images of the original soldier settler file. Transcripts can contain information the land that was leased and reveal significant biographical details about individual settlers such as family names, past occupations, and financial details.